英语新闻一起读17

China parliament backs cut in economic growth

bbc.co.uk | 三月 15

★题目本身就很有意思,需要注意两个小词的用法,第一个是back,做动词有一个很重要的意思:支持,赞助government-backed loans政府担保的贷款;His claims are not backed by any scientific evidence.他的说法没有任何科学依据。Iranian parliament backs fuel rationing, price hike (新闻标题),还有一个单词是cut:削减,减少。cut costs 减少开支。

China's parliament has endorsed(认可,赞同) government plans to reduce the country's economic growth target by half a percent, to 7%.

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang acknowledged it would not be easy and described it as "taking a knife to our own flesh".

The BBC's Martin Patience in Beijing says China's leaders want to transform the economy by pursuing slower but more sustainable growth.

★transform:改变外形,改变性质/convert/alter→ transformation(彻底的)改变,改观 In recent years, the movie industry has undergone a dramatic transformation .近年来,电影业经历了彻底的变革。

sustainable:可持续的。例句:The government should do more to promote sustainable development.政府应该做更多工作来发展可持续农业。

He says they want to make clear the days of double-digit (两位数的)growth have ended. "This is not nail-clipping. This is like taking a knife to one's own flesh," Mr. Li told a news conference after a session of the National People's Congress ended in Beijing.

★news conference:记者招待会

Pollution crackdown(制裁,打击)

China's economy expanded by 7.4% last year from 7.7% in 2013, following a cooling of the property market, slowing factory activity and easing business and government investment. Growth of 7% in 2015 will mark the country's weakest expansion in a quarter of a century.

★expand:增加,扩展;进一步阐述。

Mr. Li also highlighted targets for tackling pollution.

Our correspondent says China's leaders face growing public anger over high levels of pollution caused by the country's turbo-charged development.

★highlight:突出,强调

He vowed to hold factories that polluted the atmosphere liable for excessive emissions.

★vow to do sth.发誓做某事/guarantee

excessive:过多的,过分的。

emission:排放物

"It's a project in which everyone in the society should take responsibility," Mr. Li said. "If you cannot change the environment you are in, you can modify your behaviours."

★modify:改进,调整,缓和→modification

The National People's Congress largely serves as a platform for China's ruling Communist Party to highlight reforms and set the tone for government policy.

tone:语气;音调;基调

set the tone (for / of sth) (=establish the general attitude or feeling of an event, activity etc)(为某事物)确定基调

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