1996年Text4一二段精读扩展范例

第一段

What accounts for the great outburst of major inventions in early America -- breakthroughs such as the telegraph, the steamboat and the weaving machine?

  • Account
    • 作名词常用搭配:on account of 由于,因为;on no account /not on any account决不;绝对不。
    • 作动词时:Account for sth. 有三层意思。占〔一定数量或比例〕:Afro-Americans account for 12% of the US population.非洲裔美国人占美国人口的 12%;是…的原因 Recent pressure at work may account for his behavior. 他的行为也许是最近的工作压力导致的;解释,说明Can you account for your movements on that night? 你能解释一下那晚的活动吗?
  • Outburst: 爆发
  • Breakthrough:重大突破。
    • 外刊例句:Given these differences, expectations for any major breakthrough from this visit are low.由于存在这些分歧,人们对这次访问取得任何重大突破的期待很低。

从这一段我们可以提炼出一个句型,例如谈诚信缺失的话题:What accounts for the crisis of trust in today's society? 在这句后面加两到三点原因一段内容就搞定了~

第二段:

Among the many shaping factors, I would single out the country’s excellent elementary schools; a labor force that welcomed the new technology; the practice of giving premiums to inventors; and above all the American genius for nonverbal, “spatial” thinking about things technological.

  • single out:挑出,特别之处。
    • 外刊例句:He singled out corruption as the root cause of the country's woes.他指出腐败是该国苦难的根源。
  • Excellent /outstanding/splendid /eminent
  • elementary school:小学;Junior high school:初中;senior high school:高中;elementary rights基本权利
  • 和钱有关的单词:premium:奖、奖金;cash现金;buck美金;coin硬币;note纸币;banknote钞票;fund 资金;change零钱;commission佣金;tuition学费;fare票价;admission入场费;cost成本;freight运费;postage邮费;rent租费;tip小费;red packet红包;phone bill电话费

这段话又可以提炼出一个作文句型,只要是涉及到原因都可以使用。Among the many shaping factors, I would single out…A; B; and above all C.

结合刚才总结的内容,一个很漂亮的表达就出来了(适用于所用解释原因的段落):What accounts for…话题…in today's society? Among the many shaping factors, I would single out…A; B; and above all C.

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